Bangladesh got independence with the help of India, Pakistan took 2 years to accept a separate country, Pakistan took two years to accept Bangladesh as sovereign country
Bangladesh gained independence with the help of India, it took Pakistan 2 years to accept a separate country (Credits: iStock)
- Bangladesh gained independence from Pakistan after nine months of bloody struggle
- India’s role was important in the liberation struggle of the Bengali people against Pakistan.
- Pakistan took a long time to accept Bangladesh as a separate country
New Delhi : Bangladesh gained independence from Pakistan after nine months of bloody struggle and India’s role in this is well known. India recognized it as a new and independent country only then. But it took Pakistan two years to accept Bangladesh as an independent and sovereign country. A resolution to this effect was passed in the Parliament of Pakistan in 1973, about two years after the 1971 war.
The seeds of the struggle for the independence of Bangladesh, once known as East Pakistan, were laid in 1952, when the Pakistani government declared Urdu to be the official language of the entire country. For East Pakistan, which has a distinct identity of Bengali culture and language, then that decision of the government became a question of identity, which culminated in the formation of a separate and independent country.
Pakistan perpetrated atrocities endlessly
The Pakistani rulers failed to even imagine when the movement started for linguistic and cultural identity turned into an effective liberation struggle. The decisive battle for the country’s independence, however, took place in the nine months of 1971, beginning with the declaration of Bangladesh’s independence on 26 March. The hero of this war of independence was Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, who was arrested by the Pakistan Army on the same night.
This movement of the then East Pakistan for independence from Pakistan was ideologically supported by India. Pakistan was shocked by all this. The situation became such that all the voices of dissent in East Pakistan were considered as agents of India. The Pakistani Army started killing unarmed and innocent people in East Pakistan by running Operation Search Light.
India’s crushing defeat
When the students of Dhaka University were gunned down by Pak army soldiers, there were also heinous incidents like gang rape with women, which further incited hatred and animosity towards Pakistan among the Bengali people. India had not yet formally joined this conflict, but on December 3, when Indian interests were attacked by the Pakistani army, India formally entered the war.
The war between India and Pakistan lasted for 13 days, in which Pakistan was defeated and Bangladesh appeared on the global map as an independent country. This war ended on December 16, 1971, when about 90 thousand Pakistani soldiers, along with General Amir Abdullah Khan Niazi, surrendered to the Indian Army. India celebrates this day as Vijay Diwas.
Pakistan took 2 years
India had recognized Bangladesh as a country carved out of Pakistan only then. Many other countries of the world had also accepted Bangladesh as an independent country, but it took two years for Pakistan to do so. The resolution was passed by the National Assembly of Pakistan on July 10, 1973, in which it was said to accept Bangladesh as an independent and sovereign country.
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